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Differences in in vitro Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth of Cotton Cultivars in Response to High Temperature
, Reddy K.R.
, Koti S.
, Wallace T.P.
, Prasad P.V.V.
, Reddy V.R.
, Zhao D.
Annals of Botany
, 2005. V. 96. No. 1. P. 59–67
Журнал с антэкологическими публикациями.
Oxford University Press · email@example.com
Background and Aims High-temperature environments with >30 °C during flowering reduce boll retention and yield in cotton. Therefore, identification of cotton cultivars with high-temperature tolerance would be beneficial in both current and future climates. Methods Response to temperature (10–45 °C at 5 °C intervals) of pollen germination and pollen tube growth was quantified, and their relationship to cell membrane thermostability was studied in 12 cultivars. A principal component analysis was carried out to classify the genotypes for temperature tolerance. Key Results Pollen germination and pollen tube length of the cultivars ranged from 20 to 60 % and 411 to 903 µm, respectively. A modified bilinear model best described the response to temperature of pollen germination and pollen tube length. Cultivar variation existed for cardinal temperatures (Tmin, Topt and Tmax) of pollen germination percentage and pollen tube growth. Mean cardinal temperatures calculated from the bilinear model for the 12 cultivars were 15·0, 31·8 and 43·3 °C for pollen germination and 11·9, 28·6 and 42·9 °C for pollen tube length. No significant correlations were found between pollen parameters and leaf membrane thermostability. Cultivars were classified into four groups based on principal component analysis. Conclusions Based on principal component analysis, it is concluded that higher pollen germination percentages and longer pollen tubes under optimum conditions and with optimum temperatures above 32 °C for pollen germination would indicate tolerance to high temperature.