Материал из Антэкология /// Anthecology
Flowering phenology, floral display and reproductive success in dioecious, Aralia nudicaulis L. (Araliaceae)
Aralia nudicaulis L. is a dioecious, perennial, herbaceous plant that is commonly found in the understory vegetation throughout the boreal forest of North America. Female remets have fewer flowers per inflorescence, initiate flowering earlier, and reach peak flowering before male ramets. The consequences of the asynchrony in flowering between the sexes on pollination and seed set were examined during a two-year study. In both years there was significant variation in seed set associated with the flowering times of individual female ramets. In 1983, seed production was highest in the middle of the flowering season. In 1984, seed production was greatest in the later stages of flowering. Variation in seed set was not attributed to lack of pollination in 1983. In 1984, pollination limited seed set per flower during peak flowering. However, seed production never reached the potential five seeds per flower, suggesting that resource limitation was the most important factor affecting fecundity in both years. The asynchronous pattern of flowering is suggested to be the result of the different inflorescence sizes between the sexes.