1246719607

Материал из Антэкология /// Anthecology
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Geographic variation in floral morphology and style‐morph ratios in a sexually polymorphic daffodil
American Journal of Botany, . V. 95. No. 2. P. 185195 (11).
Narcissus triandrus is a tristylous daffodil from the Iberian Peninsula that has striking geographical variation in floral morphology and style‐morph ratios. Here, we investigate the relation between this variation and ecological factors to understand mechanisms governing morph ratios. We estimated morph ratios in 124 populations throughout the range of N. triandrus and measured 13 morphological traits in 35–78 populations. Sampling of morph ratios conducted over 2–10‐yr intervals demonstrated strong temporal stability. Variation in floral and vegetative traits enabled statistical prediction of morph‐frequency variation among populations. Latitudinal gradients in precipitation and temperature were correlated with plant and flower size, with larger flowers in northern populations associated with bumblebee visitation and stylar dimorphism. Flowers of the L‐ and M‐morphs differed significantly from the S‐morph in several size‐related characters, unlike other tristylous species. This pattern and the similarity in anther positions of the L‐ and M‐morphs suggest that the M‐morph of N. triandrus originated through genetic modifiers that shortened styles of the L‐morph. Our findings support the hypothesis that geographical variation in style‐morph ratios is largely governed by climatic gradients in the Iberian Peninsula, which influence the floral morphology and pollination biology of N. triandrus populations.
Geographic variation in floral morphology and style‐morph ratios in a sexually polymorphic daffodil
Hodgins K.A., Barrett S.C.H.
American Journal of Botany, 2008. V. 95. No. 2. P. 185–195 (11).
Narcissus triandrus is a tristylous daffodil from the Iberian Peninsula that has striking geographical variation in floral morphology and style‐morph ratios. Here, we investigate the relation between this variation and ecological factors to understand mechanisms governing morph ratios. We estimated morph ratios in 124 populations throughout the range of N. triandrus and measured 13 morphological traits in 35–78 populations. Sampling of morph ratios conducted over 2–10‐yr intervals demonstrated strong temporal stability. Variation in floral and vegetative traits enabled statistical prediction of morph‐frequency variation among populations. Latitudinal gradients in precipitation and temperature were correlated with plant and flower size, with larger flowers in northern populations associated with bumblebee visitation and stylar dimorphism. Flowers of the L‐ and M‐morphs differed significantly from the S‐morph in several size‐related characters, unlike other tristylous species. This pattern and the similarity in anther positions of the L‐ and M‐morphs suggest that the M‐morph of N. triandrus originated through genetic modifiers that shortened styles of the L‐morph. Our findings support the hypothesis that geographical variation in style‐morph ratios is largely governed by climatic gradients in the Iberian Peninsula, which influence the floral morphology and pollination biology of N. triandrus populations.
AID: 1246719607
DOI: 10.3732/ajb.95.2.185
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