7678827883

Материал из Антэкология /// Anthecology
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Neighborhood size in a beetle pollinated tropical aroid: effects of low density and asynchronous flowering
Oecologia, . V. 76. No. 3. P. 461466 (6).
Genetic neighborhood size and area were estimated from pollinator movements over 3 years in a scarab beetle-pollinated clonal herb, Dieffenbachia longispatha (Araceae) at the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. This species was characterized by low densities of reproductive individuals and asynchronous flowering within the population. The pollinator flight distributions were characterized by relatively long mean distances between consecutive visits to inflorescences (83 m) and movements to the nearest neighboring inflorescence in the appropriate phase of flowering. Pollinator movement distributions between consecutive visits to inflorescences were significantly leptokurtic in 2 of the 3 years. I calculated neighborhood sizes incorporating the levels of kurtosis and found minimal estimates of Ne to be 227–611 ramets and neighborhood area to be 88 000–180 000 m2. The three beetle species that made 94% of the visits (Cyclocephala gravis, C. amblyopsis, and Erioscelis columbica) varied in their flight distributions and in their contributions to the estimates of neighborhood size. Cyclocephala amblyopsis exhibited the greatest degree of kurtosis in its movement patterns, and neighborhood size based on its movement was large relative to Ne calculated from movement distributions of the other two beetle species. Long-distance movements of C. amblyopsis (>300 m) accounted for 68% of the neighborhood size.
Neighborhood size in a beetle pollinated tropical aroid: effects of low density and asynchronous flowering
Young H.J.
Oecologia, 1988. V. 76. No. 3. P. 461–466 (6).
Genetic neighborhood size and area were estimated from pollinator movements over 3 years in a scarab beetle-pollinated clonal herb, Dieffenbachia longispatha (Araceae) at the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. This species was characterized by low densities of reproductive individuals and asynchronous flowering within the population. The pollinator flight distributions were characterized by relatively long mean distances between consecutive visits to inflorescences (83 m) and movements to the nearest neighboring inflorescence in the appropriate phase of flowering. Pollinator movement distributions between consecutive visits to inflorescences were significantly leptokurtic in 2 of the 3 years. I calculated neighborhood sizes incorporating the levels of kurtosis and found minimal estimates of Ne to be 227–611 ramets and neighborhood area to be 88 000–180 000 m2. The three beetle species that made 94% of the visits (Cyclocephala gravis, C. amblyopsis, and Erioscelis columbica) varied in their flight distributions and in their contributions to the estimates of neighborhood size. Cyclocephala amblyopsis exhibited the greatest degree of kurtosis in its movement patterns, and neighborhood size based on its movement was large relative to Ne calculated from movement distributions of the other two beetle species. Long-distance movements of C. amblyopsis (>300 m) accounted for 68% of the neighborhood size.
AID: 7678827883
DOI: 10.1007/BF00377043
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